Last year the new super yacht, Yogi, lost power while on passage, turned beam to the seas, capsized in moderate conditions, and eventually sank. There was all sorts of speculation at the time about causes. Now the official report is out. It makes interesting reading both for what it does and doesn’t say.
First a few quotes: (You will want to download the report and peruse it yourself. Click here for the full pdf.)
On the 16 February 2012 night the French motor yacht YOGI bound to Cannes was underway in the Aegean Sea with an eight member vessel operation crew. Weather conditions were relatively good (following sea and wind) and both engines were running; the average speed made good was close to 14 knots (cf. 7.6). An abnormal cooling freshwater temperature rise and a leak on the starboard engine exhaust, obligated the master who was on watch to stop this engine. Soon after, as the port engine was overheating, it shut down automatically while the chief engineer, on watch, was asking the master to reduce the motor speed. The master informed the designated person ashore.
The vessel was then drifting, broadside on to the waves, and listing to port. The strainers of both engine sea water cooling circuits had been checked but found clean. The port engine had been restarted and the temperatures were back to normal; the master decided to head to Skyros Island, 25 miles away, but the helm was out of order and a rudder angle of 30° to starboard was displayed.
Therefore, investigations were then undertook by the first officer and the engineers towards the three aft compartments (beach club 1, beach club 2 and steering room); all of them
were found partially flooded, with different heights of water. Pumping was started. A PAN PAN alert had been transmitted and a request for assistance by a tug had been sent to the Greek authorities. Due to the tacking, the list shifted to starboard then suddenly increased. The pumping means became unserviceable. Soon after, the lower deck and the main
deck were flooded.
A MAYDAY with a ship evacuation call had been transmitted. A salvage tug had been made ready and the intervention of a Greek Coast Guard helicopter had been rapidly confirmed. At 8.50 am, the winching operations were completed and the crew was safe and sound. At the end of the morning,YOGI sank to the bottom at a depth of 500 meters.
- Length overall : 60.20 m ;
- Breadth : 9.40 m ;
- Depth : 5.40 m ;
- Summer freeboard : 2105 mm ;
- Maximum draught : 3.34 m ;
- Stabilisers : 2 x 5 sqm ;
- UMS Gauge : 1027 ;
- Summer displacement : 843 metric tons ;
- Main engine : 2 Caterpillar type 3512 B-Rating HD (2 x 1423 kW) –
- 800 hours of operating time ;
- Refrigeration : Exchangers ED/EM integrated to the engines ;
- Power : 3228 kW ;
- Bow thruster : 150 kW ;
- Range : 4,000 miles at 13 knots ;
- Navigation area : No restriction ;
- Service speed : 13 knots (Beaufort 2/3) ;
- Maximum speed : 16,4 knots (Beaufort 2/3).
The weather was in line with what the photos showed, not particularly gnarly:
Master‟s report: wind NNW 5 to 6 with 35 knot gusts. Swell 2 m to 2.50 m high. Météo France most probable analysis: from the end of Dardanelles straits to PAN PAN position, wind NE 10 to 15 knots then NNE 25 knots (30 to 35 knot gusts). Significant wave height between 0.70 m to 1 m, sea state slight, then moderate in the western and south-western part of the basin, reaching 1.30 m to 1.50 m after 8.00 pm around Skyros. The mixed wave height mainly due to the wind action remained moderate.
The most probable maximum height measured in a hundred wave sample (about 1 wave every 10 minutes): 1.50 m before 8.00 pm reaching 3.00 m after 11.00 pm around Skyros. Considering a thousand wave sample (about 1 wave every 1.5 hour), the values would be increased of 0.4 m to 0.70 m.
Most sea-going disasters in yachts seem to be caused by a cascade of events, often starting from some small glitch or deferred maintenance issue. From the report:
In order to keep off a broadside on to the waves route, the engine was kept running dead slow despite the unavailable helm. Soon after, the first officer and the master mechanics carried on a second investigation in beach club 1, after they had put on their survival suit on the bridge; it appeared to them that the height of water was the same than previously.
Due to the tacking, the list shifted to starboard and increased suddenly. Water from the sewage tank flooded the engine room.
The report goes on to discuss the crew’s having reported a lack of ability and a denied request for a new inclining test to determine the correct vertical center of gravity. There are also compartmentalization issues.
Owners, designers, and builders alike can profit from a close read of this report.